food security

TV Interview : Cost of Living in 2018

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On January 10, 2018 I was part of a panel discussing the cost of living in Kenya in 2018

 

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How to Achieve Kenyatta’s Big Four

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This article first appeared in my weekly column with the Business Daily on January 7, 2018

Last month, President Kenyatta indicated that his last term would focus on the big four for economic development in Kenya. These are food security, affordable housing, manufacturing and affordable healthcare; the article focuses on the first three.

A considerable challenge with food security at the moment is that it is dominated by small scale farmers who operate at a subsistence level with limited financial resources and technical support that would allow them to make their farms more productive and get their products to market. A key element for this sector would include a reinstatement of technical support to rural farmers in the form of agricultural extensions officers. Additionally, storage of food products has to be vastly improved in order to ensure food does not rot before reaching market, but also allow farmers to use stored produce as collateral for credit to improve farm inputs. Finally, financial support should be targeted at the sector to improve the quality and cost of farm inputs and encourage the strategic use of farm technology. Linked to this is the crucial need for government entities that purchase food products from farmers to pay in a timely manner such that farmers can have a seamless farm cycle.

Image result for agriculture Kenya

(source: https://agra.org/news/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/MWfarmer-maize-green-790×527.jpg)

Manufacturing is linked to agriculture. The manufacturing sub-sectors of focus are the blue economy, agro-processing, leather and textiles, all of which require agricultural inputs. Government first ought to coordinate manufacturing inputs with agricultural strategy such that factories have robust source markets. And as the President pointed out, the skills gap for the sector has to be addressed so that there are enough individuals with the appropriate skills sets to drive manufacturing. In addition, the cost of production must be cut in order to make Kenyan products more competitive. Thus the step taken to cut the cost of power is important although clarity is required on how it will be implemented and implications for fiscal policy. Finally, the sector ought to benefit from fiscal incentives such as tax rebates, tax deductions and other strategies to encourage the development of industrial capacity.

Image result for manufacturing Kenya

(source: https://www.africa.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/Kenya-factory-jobs2.jpg)

It is encouraging to see affordable housing as a priority, as this sector has been direly neglected in the past. As of 2015, the annual housing requirement in Kenya stood at about 132,000 units with a backlog of 1.85 million units. This has created a dynamic where excess demand fuels price escalation in terms of home prices and rents charged. First, government ought to encourage the adoption of technology and materials that reduce construction costs. Secondly, government must improve access to land and facilitate the registration and transfer of titles. Thirdly, financing for the construction and purchase of affordable homes must be incentivised. Savings and Credit Cooperative Organization (SACCOs) have overtaken commercial banks and mortgage providers in the provision of home construction loans in Kenya and account for more than 90 percent of home loans in Kenya. However, there are no fiscal incentives that target SACCOs- this must be rectified. Finally, government must create a registry of whom qualifies for affordable housing. Currently, when cheap houses are constructed, wealthy individuals purchase several units and rent them, locking out low income individuals from purchasing the homes- this must stop.

Anzetse Were is a development economist; anzetsew@gmail.com

TV Panel interview on food security in Kenya

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On May 15, 2017 I was part of a panel discussing food security in Kenya with a focus on maize.

 

 

The race for Regional Hub status in Eastern Africa

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